From China’s ban on foreign waste imports to Vanuatu’s plan to take fossil fuel firms to court, this year saw countries toughen their national and foreign policies to tackle the world's biggest social and environmental problems.
As the small Pacific island state grapples with the threat of rising sea levels caused by global warming, major fossil fuel companies find themselves in deep water as the country plans to take them to court over their contributions to climate change.
Pacific Energy Ministers launched the Pacific Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (PCREEE) to boost efforts to increase access to energy which is cheaper, more reliable and better for the environment.
Frank Bainimarama –
Fiji Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama calls on Commonwealth leaders to raise ambition for deeper cuts in carbon dioxide emissions as the probability and severity of storms loom for vulnerable nations.
and Kevin Rudd –
Marshall Islands President Hilda Heine and former Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd outline the opportunities on the horizon for countries worldwide to raise their level of climate ambition and lock in sustainable growth.
Hurricane Harvey isn't a "natural disaster" because disasters are not natural, says University College London researcher Ilan Kelman. Rather, they are the result of social and political forces which shape people's vulnerability to events.