The Mekong Delta encompasses 39,000 km of the southern part of Viet Nam and it is home to approximately 17 million people, or 20 per cent of the Vietnamese population.
The Delta is one of the most productive areas in the world, accounting for 50 per cent of rice production, 65 per cent of aquaculture production and 70 per cent of fruits of Viet Nam.
The sustainability and prosperity of the Delta, however, are being undermined due to natural and man-made challenges which range from climate change, rising sea levels, flood and salinity intrusion to third rice crop cultivation, rapid urbanization and large-scale infrastructure. A smart, comprehensive solution is needed to counter and mitigate the negative impact of this series of events.
GGGI’s water and green growth project aims to develop and apply a systemic approach to water resources management to support a transition to sustainable development. The use of this approach would allow the full integration of the water sector, its products and services in the development planning process.
GGGI’s involvement in the Mekong Delta has evolved from a regional approach, engaging riparian governments along the Mekong River, to a country-specific focus on the Mekong Delta. This process was driven by strong interest expressed by the officials from the Viet Nam National Mekong Committee (VNMC) in applying the concept of green growth in water sector at the national level.